Blic je kao saobraćajna nesreća

Znaš da ne bi trebalo da buljiš u krš na putu, ali te nešto vuče.

Ili sam ja samo mazohista.

Današnji primer vrhunskog novinarstva: iskopiraj Njujork Tajms, bez navođenja izvora.

NYTExplaining Apple’s Fight With the F.B.I.:

What is the government asking for?

The Federal Bureau of Investigation wants to examine the iPhone used by Syed Farook to determine whether he and his wife, Tashfeen Malik, had planned the shooting directly with the Islamic State. The iPhone, a 5c version of the smartphone that was released in 2013, is locked by a passcode, which the F.B.I. wants Apple to circumvent. Apple would have to build a new version of its iOS smartphone software that allows the F.B.I. to bypass certain restrictions. Apple claims this software can give someone “the potential to unlock any iPhone in someone’s physical possession.”

Blic— Najmoćnija kompanija sveta i najmoćnija država sveta su U RATU:

 Šta američka vlada zahteva od “Epla”?

FBI želi da ispita “ajfon” koji je koristio napadač Sajid Faruk, kako bi se utvrdilo da li su on i njegova supruga Tašfin Malik napad u San Bernandinu planirali zajedno sa glavešinama Islamske države. Telefon “ajfon 5C” zaključan je šifrom od nekoliko cifara, a FBI zahteva od “Epla” da otključa telefon kako bi organi vlasti mogi da ga ispitaju. Štaviše, FBI zahteva da “Epl” razvije novi softver koji bi dozvoljavao organima vlasti da otključavaju telefone onih osoba koje smatraju sumnjivim, što kompanija kategorički odbija da uradi.

Ostatak je u istom stilu: mešavina doslovnog prevoda i slobodnog tumačenja, koje u najvećem broju slučajeva ili umanjuje količinu podataka, ili daje poluistine i nagađanja.

Doprinos Blicovih autora? Osim KRIMINALNO LOŠEG naslova, ubacili su tvitove koji vode ka tekstovima sličnog Pitanje/Odgovor formata. Naravno, nema linka ka plagiranom tekstu.

Nije sramota kopirati od boljeg, ali je sramota to kriti.

Oni kojima je do ovakvih stvari stalo već znaju da je ovo modus operandi većine srpskih medija. Ali, da li od takvih medija očekujemo da objektivno i sa razumevanjem izveštavaju o drugim plagijatima i plagijatorima?

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Level up

The next time someone asks me about books to read before residency, I will direct them here. You don’t have to be a medical trainee to benefit from these, but that period of anxious anticipation between match day and orientation is perfect for buffing your attributes.

How to read a book, by Mortimer J. Adler

What better way to start learning about learning than by reading a book about reading books?

The Farnam Street blog has a nice outline of the book’s main ideas. The same establishment is now hocking a $200 course on the same topic. It’s probably good, but at $10 the source material is slightly more affordable.

Getting things done, by David Allen

The first few months you will be neck-deep in scut work no matter what you do. After that, though, you will have to juggle patient care, research, didactics, fellowship/career planning, and piles of administrative drek—and that’s just inside the hospital. At the very least, this book will help you make time for laundry (and maybe some reading).

Thinking, fast and slow, by Daniel Kahneman

Superficially, similar knowledge to what is in these 400+ pages can be found in a few Wikipedia entries. But you would miss out on the how and why cognitive biases and heuristics are so important. Medicine and research are bias-driven endeavors, and not understanding them is not knowing real-world medicine.


Only three? Yes. If anything, the two and a half months between mid-March and July 1st won’t be enough to read them all with the attention they deserve. But you should try.

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Gutenberg

→ Da li možete da pogodite kakvo nas vreme očekuje do kraja nedelje?

Blic se pretvorio u parodiju samog sebe.

→ Политика Online: Воштана фигура Владимира Путина у Јагодини крајем марта

Ovako počinju ratovi.

→ Политика Online: „Вечити студенти” траже још један рок

Студенти који су уписали факултете „по старом” (пре увођења „болоње”), а којих има најмање 19.000 у Србији, предаће 1. марта петицију са захтевом да им се продужи рок за завршетак студија, који истиче ове школске године.

Bolonja” je uvedena 2005. godine.

→ Peščanik: Seksizam sa predumišljajem

Setih se ovog tvita.

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A od nekih stvari mi pozli

Jučerašnji Kurir:

SENZACIONALNO OTKRIĆE AMERIČKIH LEKARA Novom metodom lečenja 94 odsto pacijenata izlečeno od raka!

Ostatak teksta nije ništa bolji od naslova.

Problemi:

  • Izvor nije objavljena studija, već preliminarni podaci predstavljeni na relativno malom skupu kao deo dužeg predavanja o himeričnim antigen receptor (CAR) T-ćelijama.
  • Pacijenti nisu imali bilo koji “rak”, već akutnu limfoblastičnu leukemiju.
  • 94% ih nije bilo izlečeno, već su ušli u remisiju; razlika je velika.
  • Metoda je relativno nova, ali su rezultati primene iste terapije kod iste grupe pacijenata (ALL) već objavljeni, prvo sa Univerziteta u Pensilvaniji (U. Penn), uglavnom kod dece, a zatim iz NIH-a. Sijetl definitivno nije prvi.

Da rezimiramo: iz parafraziranog naslova “Američki lekari otkrili novu metodu koja je izlečila 94% pacijenata sa rakom” tačno je jedino to da su u pitanju američki lekari (mogu da im priznam i pola poena za “rak”, mada je ta opšta izjava opasnija od čiste laži).

A šta se zna: CAR T-ćelije su prvo stvorene u laboratorijama NIH-a, a zatim prvi put primenjena na ljudima—i to deci sa akutnom leukemijom—na U. Penn-u, daleko od Sijetla. Poduži (i jako dobar) tekst o tome su lokalne novine objavile pre više od dve godine. U. Penn i NIH su jedini do sada objavili rezultate. Na Fred Hač se još čeka.

Upotreba ovakvih ćelija je ograničena na bolesti sa relativno uniformnim malignim ćelijama koje ne mutiraju puno—dakle pretežno hematološkim malignitetima. Kod dece sa ALL-om koja uđu u remisiju bolest se u najvećem broju slučajeva vraća posle godinu-dve, tako da se pretpostavlja da je za izlečenje potrebna transplantacija koštane srži odmah nakon terapije CAR ćelijama. Ne postoji dovoljno podataka za odrasle, mada oni obično prolaze lošije od dece.

Sva tri centra rade sa različitim farmaceutskim kompanijama na komercijalizaciji terapije—otuda česta objavljivanja nedopečenih rezultata posle kojih akcije idu gore-dole. Pacijenti u Americi uvek imaju šansu da se prijave za neko od ovih istraživanja i besplatno dobiju eksperimentalnu terapiju. Misterija je zašto Kurir ovakvim naslovima potpaljuje lažne nade obolelih u Srbiji.

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Defamacija, difamacija, kleveta

Moje kopanje po novoj srpskoj literaturi se nastavlja. Jutros sam naleteo na nalazište konjske balege.

Politika:

Према бизарном заплету достојном холивудске фантастике, ови подли клерофашистички плаћеници нападају тако што поштене антинационалисте, од којих су многи фантастично плаћени, дифамирају као плаћенике.

Istinomer:

Da budemo sasvim jasni - nije dobro da Politika defamira i izlaže Istinomer linču. Obrnuto je - dobro je da Istinomera bude mnogo više na stranicama Politike. U bukvalnom i prenesenom smislu.

Teofil Pančić:

Istina je da Jelena P. nije koristila eksplicitno difamatorski jezik, i da se uglavnom potrudila da „tekst“ (za razliku od veoma jakog „podteksta“, na koji je s razlogom ukazao Svetislav Basara) zvuči koliko je god moguće vrednosno neutralno: evo vam suve činjenice, pa vi sami izvlačite zaključke…

Ne razumem, je li “kleveta” izbačena iz upotrebe? Ili je de-di-famacija nešto drugo?

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Pad i propast srpskog interneta

Odavno nisam čitao vesti iz Srbije. Danas sam se podsetio zašto.

Blic:

  • Ovaj grad u Srbiji je u 2016. godini postao DIVLJI ZAPAD
  • STRAVIČNI DETALJI Tačijev drug u Nigeriji drži FABRIKE BEBA
  • BEZ ŠMINKE Evo kako naša pevačica ZAISTA izgleda
  • KREĆE FARMA 7 Ovo su novi stanari imanja u Lisovićima

B92:

  • Nemci vape: Dođite, plaćen put i plata 2.500 EUR
  • Ovako su futurolozi zamišljali Jugoslaviju 2000. godine
  • Šta poručuje mečka Goca: Stiže li nam proleće?
  • Pogledajte: Slavna teniserka se slikala potpuno gola

Telegraf:

  • MEČKA GORDANA OSTALA JE U PEĆINI I NIJE VIDELA SVOJU SENKU! Da li to znači da će ZIMA još trajati? (VIDEO)
  • BEZGRANIČNA LJUBAV: Slonče se ne odvaja od žene koja ga je spasila sigurne smrti (VIDEO)
  • TITO NIJE DAO DA FRANJA ODE NA ROBIJU! Procureo TAJNI PLAN kojim su Broz i Tuđman spremali ZAVERU protiv Srba (VIDEO)
  • Ako napravite ovu grešku u Poljskoj, možete da odete u zatvor!

Problem nije što ovakvo đubre postoji, već što su to tri najposećenija sajta na srpskom jeziku.

Kome se plače neka otvori komentare.

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Podcast time

Another year, another round of podcast recommendations:

No, it’s not your browser. The list is empty.

After 10 years of attaching electric appendages to my head using flimsy earhooks some call ear-phones, I have decided that one voice in my head at a time is quite enough, thank you, and that there are better ways to muffle the sounds of everyday existence than the nasal overtones of middle-aged white men.

Who will be crushed to lose me as a listener, I am sure.

I haven’t suddenly decided that they are all bad, mind you—I have spent cumulative months listening to them, so they must be good. The problem is, I like them too much.

Behold my modified CAGE questionnaire for podcasts:

  1. Have you ever felt you needed to Cut down on your time spent listening to podcasts? Doing it right now.
  2. Have people Annoyed you by criticizing your listening to podcasts at inappropriate times? Does my wife count as people? If so, then yes.
  3. Have you ever felt Guilty about listening to a podcast instead of doing something else? You mean like sitting in the car 10 extra minutes after coming back home from work, waiting for an episode of Radiolab to finish? Umm…
  4. Have you ever felt you needed to put on your headphones first thing in the morning (Eye-opener) to finish listening to last night’s podcast, or to get a head start on completing the unplayed list. “Felt like?” I do it all the time.

Aced it.

Granted, being mostly free, not too hard on your body, sometimes educational, and often entertaining, podcasts are not the worst thing in the world to be addicted to. But to be alone with your thoughts is exceedingly rare when there is a toddler in the house—rare enough that you do not want to spoil it by introducing external stimuli which make it impossible to string a chain of thought longer than the 30-second commercial break for Squarespace.

Farewell, voices. It was good while it lasted.

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Storytellers

Last week I shared a brief reflection on a tiny aspect of my commute. Please check it out it if you haven’t already, it is a quick read.

Wasn’t that nice? It started by introducing some old concepts in a new light—you knew about trains before, and maybe even knew there was a MARC Penn that line goes from Baltimore to DC, but probably didn’t know the specific trains and their timetables. Then it gave you a coherent explanation of a phenomenon you hadn’t known about before. This first caused slight, but not unpleasant, cognitive strain while you were figuring out what I writing about, followed by the small pleasure of an ah-hah moment once the pieces clicked.

It was a brain massage, if you will. It was also complete bull.

Not that anything I wrote was wrong, as far as I know, but I didn’t give many arguments for it being right, either. There were no ridership statistics or arrival times to back up my claims. And even if there were—I didn’t give any alternative hypotheses to explain the situation, nor reasons why those would be less likely than my own explanation. When you think about it, it was more of a brain Twinkie than a massage—all empty calories, with a fleeting feeling of fullness.

Welcome to 99.99999% of the written word, and to anything ever spoken out loud.

We like stories. They need to make a threshold amount of sense (this is why societies universally ostracize schizophrenics). They should contain an element of surprise (it is not that the 7:07 train would come later than the 7:23—twists like that do not surprise anyone any more—it is that it comes in much earlier because people think it wouldn’t). And they get bonus points if—as my last parenthetical implied—they paint the others as stupid or incompetent. There are many more checkboxes; more of them checked, the better the story.

Most professions are based on storytelling. Doctors tell different stories to their patients, each other, and themselves—as do most other scientists, to a different degree. Lawyers tell stories to their clients to make them believe they will craft good ones for the judge, jury, and the opposing side. Ask a marketer what makes a good commercial (spoiler: story).

Being a coal miner doesn’t involve telling stories. No one wants to be a coal miner.

Our minds prefer a good story over a true one, and will have us believe it more, too. However, the more boxes you see checked, the more suspicious you should be that someone manipulated the tale to make it more pleasurable, ergo memorable, ergo believable.

(So, if what you’ve just read made sense…)

If you are looking for an objective truth—or getting as close to it as possible—any medium that involves audio/visual queues will be an impediment. Sights and sounds stir up emotions, and emotions prime us to believe or not to believe. Pay attention to the background music in a documentary, or how the desk of that shifty lawyer they’re interviewing is a complete mess.

TV news is, of course, a joke—this is why comedy shows are becoming the most popular delivery form.

Written word has its own way of deceiving—anecdotes, incomplete data, misquotes, lazy references—all to make a better narrative. Just read anything by Malcolm Gladwell. And look at the time it takes to get to the bottom of just one tiny factoid in that story of the iron content in spinach. Finding truth is exhausting and exasperating, and people whose job it is to find it (hello, accountants) are way less fun than those who make stuff up. Mark Twain said it best:

A lie can travel half way around the world while the truth is putting on its shoes.

Misquoted? Most likely. Or is Huff Post wrong? It wouldn’t be the first time.

There is nothing in this post that bigger and better minds than my own haven’t written about already. But that’s a boatload of pages! Not many people have the time, discipline, and interest to read all that—and even if they did, they would keep making the same mistakes over again, as shown in several studies described in those same books (yes, yes, all studies are flawed; one windmill at a time, please). These things are hard-wired, and for a good reason—evolution doesn’t care for objective truths.

Or maybe it does. I don’t know, I’ve just made it up.

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